Member In Perpetuity
German Aircraft Markings.
I'm trying to understand the LW aircraft markings, mostly on the rear side of
their aircraft. Red and blue bands around the fuselage. Yellow and red
horizontal bars. Single and double chevrons, an S laying on it's side. What
is all this ??
I'm sure some of it denotes the squadrons, or what operational position the
pilot has, or what "front" they were fighting on. Does anyone have a break-
down, or can anyone recommend a book with the answers.
Looking at some of the profiles Clave did recently of the FW-190, has
got me wondering.
Anyone with answers ???
Try a look at:
LuftArchiv.de - Das Archiv der Deutschen Luftwaffe
here you can choose "english" in the right upper corner
Than look on the left side and click "Aircraft Industry"
In that section under "Power Planes" choose 1939-1945
Last edited by Hesekiel; 01-05-2009 at 06:29 PM.
Tail bands were added as part of the markings for aircraft on the Eastern Front and the Mediterranean. A white band round the aft fuselage was carried by aircraft in the Mediterranean and southern Russia; a white band was carried in central and northern Russia and Scandinavia. Often wing tips and cowling were painted in the same color. In mid 1944 a more complicated system of 'Reichsverteidigung' tail bands was introduced for fighter units.
JG=093 : Single white band
JG=094 : Black, white and black band
JG=095 : Black and yellow band
JG 11 : Yellow band
JG 27 : Green band
JG 51 : Green, white and green band
JG 52 : Red and white band
JG 53 : Black band
JG 77 : White and Green band
JG 300 : Blue, white and blue band.
The ~ designated the III.Gruppe, which also used an l symbol. The II.Gruppe used an - symbol and the IV.Gruppe used an + symbol. The I.Gruppe used none.
Charles, you posted a very interesting question which, hopefully, you have been able to find the answer to. However, as this area of camouflage and markings can be quite confusing, especially to those, including modellers, who are 'new' to the subject, I had thought of doing a set of simple charts, illustrating these codes, bands, bars and colours, in order to try and clarify at least part of the sometimes puzzling displays of LW markings. The reasoning behind the proposed project being to provide an 'at a glance' reference for those without access to more complete, and/or expensive reference works. If anyone thinks this might be useful, I'll get started on it, but it might take some time, as the 'system' became a little more complex as the war progressed.
I have uploaded my paper on the Luftwaffe, which explains the chevrons and bars. It doesn't explain the defence of the Reich bands, but it does give a good breakdown, I think anyway. I still am confused by it haha. Let me go find it!
A short answer is these bands were indicators of The Third Reich defending Staffeln (squadrons).These black, white, yellow,red bars ( both vertical and horizontal ) and S laying on it's side identified Gruppe ( unit of three Staffeln)
These single and double chevrons were markings of Staffeln and Gruppen commanders.These aircraft were in separate flights called Stab.
Here you go! Scroll down to page 26 to see what you're looking for. It seems to have muddled up my fonts for the side numbers and letters, but it should still make sense. If you want me to fix it, let me know!
Looking at it, it completely makes the bomber part useless! I will fix it this week.
the old Sage
in truth none of you have it all right. Terry might as well go ahead and display what you are going to put together.
fighter markings are different in some ways from bombers and different from recon and different from ..... ? on it goes. Defense bands were incorporated in 1943 as ID to distinguish them as Lw and not US fighters especially.
Twin engine theater markings changed as the war progressed and Twin engine bomber killer markings and bands changed as we have already seen and read in the Tratt 410A-1/U2 thread. single engine NF's JG 300, 301 and 302 first had wide all red bands but that changed, JG 53 also had a red band before it was removed and alter repalced by black
Terry go for it as I could run a full 2 pages in length of all the mind-boggling variations. one thing in the case of the rumpfband marking in 44 till wars end showing the black ~ this was meant for IVth gruppe not III.
ok have at it
You are of course correct. My mistake and I apologize. I typed it in too fast.
the old Sage
one of the problems is trying to make the goofy looking ~~ trying to tie it together. here is another goof marking as well : remember Bartels red 13 with =
a rarely seen and short lived gruppe indicator.
I wonder if Micdrow has anything of value to this in the Technical Section?????
If not, I think this would be an excellent project to get sone, with the resident experten Erich at the helm of corrections.....
We can start with this as a beginning.....
Last edited by lesofprimus; 01-05-2009 at 07:18 PM.
Member In Perpetuity
My thanks to all who have contributed. Does anyone know of a book with
this information in ? I downloaded that PDF file, Catch, and I understand
some it it. Suppose you have a FW-190 with a red/yellow band around the
fuselage, with a yellow horizontal bar thru the red/yellow band ? What does
this mean ?
Also what's the difference between a red two and a white one side number ?
And then you get into colored spinners..... I'm lost...
That's a nice chart, Dan. Where'd you get it ??
two great BIG books are the
Luftwaffe camouflage and markings 1933-1945
volume 1 and volume 2
by K.A Merrick
one is called Luftwaffe camouflage markings 1933-1945
and the other is called
german aircraft markings 1939-1945
two great books with tonns of info
Originally Posted by lesofprimus
No there really isnt anything specific on markings as Ive never really studied them in detail. Ive gots some books on markings but to be honest Ive got more stuff to read then I every time and use them for reference when I do research.