11th November – Polish Independence Day

Discussion in 'OFF-Topic / Misc.' started by v2, Nov 11, 2009.

  1. v2

    v2 Well-Known Member

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    In 1918, after 123 years of occupation, the Polish state was reborn and regained its independence. Autumn 1918 marked the end of World War I and the defeat of all three occupiers. Russia was plunged into the confusion of revolution and civil war, the multinational Austro-Hungarian monarchy fell apart and went into decline and the Germans bowed to pressure from the forces of the Entente.

    For Poles this was a unique opportunity to reclaim their national way of life. Following defeat of the occupying forces, the Poles began to seize military and civil power, building the foundations of their future nation. On 28th October 1918 the Polish Liquidation Commission was formed in Krakow. The Commission began to seize power from the hands of the Austrians in Galicia and Cieszyn Silesia. A few days later they succeeded in disarming the Austrian forces using members of the secret Polish Military Organisation as well as legionnaires and young people.On 1st November 1918 fighting broke in Lvov out between the Poles and the Ukrainians who were mounting a rebellion of the West Ukrainian People’s Republic.

    On the nights of 6th and 7th November the Provisional Government of the People’s Republic of Poland was formed in Lublin under the supervision of Ignacy Daszyński. The government was made up of representatives from the Polish Socialist Party (PPS), the Polish Social-Democratic Party (PPSD) and the Polish People’s Party “Wyzwolenie” (Liberation). At the same time the Government troops disarmed the occupying forces in Lubelszczyzna and Kielecczyzna. It was at this point that Józef Pilsudski returned to Poland. He had been imprisoned since July 1917 by the Germans. On 10th November 1918 he arrived in Warsaw. His arrival was enthusiastically met by the population of the capital and saw the mass disarmament of the occupying forces across the whole of Poland.

    On 11th November 1918 the secret departments of the Polish Military Organisation, demobilized soldiers, legionnaires and young people, disarmed the Germans in Warsaw and other Polish towns.

    On 11th November the Regency Government appointed Józef Pilsudski Commander-in-Chief over the Polish Forces and three days later Pilsudski was given complete civil control. The day before he was also put in charge of the Provisional Government of the People’s Republic of Poland in Lublin. Józef Pilsudski formed a new centralized government which on 21st November issued a manifesto announcing agricultural reforms and the nationalization of several branches of industry. He declared, however, that these measures would depend on the decision of the future legislative government. At the same time Józef Pilsudski brought in highly favourable conditions for the workers and called parliamentary elections.

    On 22nd November Józef Pilsudski was appointed Chief of State and together with the Prime Minister signed a decree about the provisional authorities of the Polish Republic. The Polish people had to fight bloody battles to preserve their regained independence.

    On 27th December 1918 a Polish uprising broke out which restored Poland as the motherland. In Eastern Galicia there was a hard-fought battle with the Ukrainians and in the Eastern parts of Poland self-armed divisions fought with the Bolsheviks. Moreover, three uprisings were needed in Silesia before the Upper Silesia area was once again within Polish borders.
    A turning point in the rebirth of the Republic was the Battle of Warsaw in which the Polish people fought to regain independence.

    To commemorate the formation of an independent centre of authority in reborn Poland, 11th November, the day when Józef Pilsudski took power, was officially recognized as a national holiday in 1937. However, since 1919 this day has been celebrated as the Day of Polish Independence. Since then it has been one of the most important celebrations for Poles both in Poland and abroad.

    After World War II the Polish People’s authorities removed Independence Day from the calendar but not from the hearts of the Polish people. The reclamation of independence continued to be celebrated annually on 11th November. In 1989 the 9th term of the Sejm government gave the holiday back to the Polish people.
     
  2. B-17engineer

    B-17engineer Active Member

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    Nice!

    Happy Polish Independence day!!
     
  3. Lucky13

    Lucky13 Forum Mascot

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    Happy Birthday Poland! :salute:
     
  4. imalko

    imalko Well-Known Member

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    #4 imalko, Nov 11, 2009
    Last edited: Nov 11, 2009
    The end of the Great war and dissolution of Austria-Hungary gave opportunity to many Slavic nations to recreate their national states after a long time of foreign rule; including Czechs, Slovaks and Yugoslav nations same as Poles. Unfortunately the 20th century brought still much more hardship to the Polish people.

    To all Poles I wish happy anniversary of their independence.
     
  5. mudpuppy

    mudpuppy Member

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    So, a happy Polish Independence Day!

    Derek
     
  6. RabidAlien

    RabidAlien Active Member

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  7. Torch

    Torch Well-Known Member

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    Yup Poland has had a rough history.......Happy Independance day.....
     
  8. DerAdlerIstGelandet

    DerAdlerIstGelandet Der Crew Chief
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  9. ccheese

    ccheese Member In Perpetuity
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  10. lesofprimus

    lesofprimus Active Member

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    Happy Day Fellas!!!!!
     
  11. ToughOmbre

    ToughOmbre Active Member

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    Happy Independence Day to our Polish friends!

    TO
     
  12. comiso90

    comiso90 Active Member

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    Happy Day... :salute:

    ironic thatit happens within a week of the wall falling too
     
  13. Maximowitz

    Maximowitz Active Member

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    I bet there were a few celebrations by the Polish living in London today... pity I missed it. :D

    Britain salutes Poland.

    Open the Tyskie guys!
     
  14. v2

    v2 Well-Known Member

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    "For Your Freedom and Ours", thx guys!
     
  15. Gnomey

    Gnomey World Travelling Doctor
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    Happy Independence Day! :salute:
     
  16. Ferdinand Foch

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    Hey, Happy Polish Independence Day! :salute:
     
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