Junkers Ju88

Discussion in 'Old Threads' started by jj1982, Mar 23, 2004.

  1. jj1982

    jj1982 Member

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    Just a few words about one of my fav planes of WW2..Luftwaffe doesnt get much mention so i thought i would change that!

    One of the War's most versatile aircraft, the Junkers Ju88 was a mainstay of the German Luftwaffe throughout the war. It was one of the very few aircraft that could roam the skies over Britain without being vulnerable. It was tough, fast, and rather maneuverable for a bomber. That led to a later role for the Ju88: Night-Fighter. The Ju-88 was used in nearly every campaign, from Convoy bomber to Flying bomb.


    Exceeded only by the Mosquito in sheer number of forms and purposes, the Ju88 had a long history before the war. It was first flown as a civil prototype. The design process had been rapid. (Led by two Americans, temporarily hired, who were experts in modern stressed-skin construction.) The Ju88 never flew in a civil role, however, being almost immediately turned into a bomber. These A-1 bombers were heavier, and slower, but more capacious. These were just entering service when war began. The generally good performance and formidable bomb load were offset by wholly inadequate defensive armament. The A-4 increased the span, and the bomb load and gun power was augmented. This was the base on which diverse development would occur.
    The Ju88 was structurally excellent, combined large internal capacity with a great load-carrying capacity. It was also never degraded in performance to the point where it became vulnerable, as were it's Dornier and Heinkel stablemates. With the BMW Radial and the Jumo 213 engines, the later Ju88s were almost as fast as contemporary fighters, at all altitudes, and could be violenty aerobatted as well. One of the 88's basic design feature was that the crew was huddled together, obstensibly to improve combat morale. This made it difficult to add proper defensive armament. In the period of 1940-43, over 2,000 Ju88s were built each year. (Nearly all A-5 or A-4 variants)


    After splitting off into two completely new branches, the Ju188 and 388, the bomber's development was shifted to the streamlined S-series of high performance bombers, as it had been accepted that traditional Luftwaffe bombers were doomed if intercepted, no matter how much armament was carried. Due to this conclusion , bomb and fuel loads were greatly reduced in the S-series and all sub-variants. The G series were the night fighters, and the final series, P, was for big-gun anti-armour aircraft, the Nbwe with flame-throwers and recoilless rocket projectors. Another was a large family of Mistel composite-aircraft combinations, in which the Ju88 lower portion was a pilot-less missile steered by the fighter mounted on top. (Unconfirmed reports spoke of Trainers, but these most likely were mis-identifications of Mistels, or another kind of trainer.) Altogether, Bomber, Reconaissance, and related Ju88s totaled 10,774, while the frantic construction of Night-fighter versions in 1944-45 brought the total to at least 14,980. The Night fighters were extremely formidable, bristling with radar and weapons. These were responsible for destroying more Allied night bombers than all other fighters combined.












    Technical Data for Ju88:

    Origin: Junkers Flugzeug und Motorenwerke AG, dispersed among 14 plants with subcontract or assembly by ATG. Opel. Volkswagen and various French groups.
    Type: Military aircraft designed as dive bomber but developed for level bombing, close support, night fighting, torpedo dropping, reconnaisance and as a pilotless missle. Two to six crewmembers.
    Engines: (A-4) two 1,340hp Junkers Jumo 211J 12-cylinder inverted-vee liquid-cooled. (G-7) two 1,880hp Junkers Jumo 213E 12-cylinder inverted-vee liquid-cooled; (S-1) two 1,700hp BMW 801G 18-cylinder two-row radials.
    Dimensions: Span 65ft 10.5 in (20.13m), (early versions 59ft 10 3/4in); length 47ft, 2 1/4 in (14.4m); (G-7, 54ft 1 1/2 in); height 15ft 11in (4.85m); (C-6) 16ft 7 1/2 in (5m)
    Weights: Empty (A-4) 17,637lb (8000kg); (C-6b) 19,090lb (8660kg). (G-7b) 20,062lb (9100kg); (S-1) 18,300lb (8300kg); maximum loaded (A-4) 30,865lb (14,000kg); (C-6b) 27,500lb (12,485kg); (G-7b) 32,350lb (14,690kg); (S-1) 23,000lb (10,490kg)
    Performance: Maximum speed (A-4) 269mph (433 km/h); (C-6b) 300mph (480km/h); (G-7b) 402mph (643 km/h); (S-1) 373mph (600km/h); initial climb (A-4) 1,312ft (400m) /min; (S-1) 1,804ft (550m) /min; service ceiling (A-4) 26,900ft (8200m); (C-6b) 32,480ft (9900m); (G-7b) 28,870ft (8800m); (S-1) 36,090ft (11,000m); range (A-4) 1,112 miles (1790km); (C-6b) 1,243 miles (2000km); (G-7b) 1,430miles (2300km); (S-1) 1,243 miles (2000km)
    Armament: Various
    Users: Bulgaria (briefly), Finland, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Romania.
     
  2. cheddar cheese

    cheddar cheese Active Member

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    interesting stuff 8) ive always like the 88, and this thread has give me an idea to replace the ageing b-17 vs lancaster one........ so i propose:

    JUNKERS JU-88 vs. DE HAVILLAND MOSQUITO :evil:
     
  3. jj1982

    jj1982 Member

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    oooooooohhhhhhhh thats a good un! I know which side bronze will come down on! The mossie!
     
  4. jj1982

    jj1982 Member

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    well CC, i done it...Ju88 vs Mossie is now up and running....quick get your argument in.....Ju88 gotta win!
     
  5. Huckebein

    Huckebein Member

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    Wha...!? I gotta defend my darling dH 98!!!
     
  6. jj1982

    jj1982 Member

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    Oh shit....jsut my luck to have a couple of fanatics defending the wooden bomber!
     
  7. kiwimac

    kiwimac Active Member

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    Ha! the Mosquito sucks! JU88 Rulez!

    FVS Kiwimac
     
  8. jj1982

    jj1982 Member

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    thankyou kiwimac!
     
  9. bronzewhaler82

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    Oh my god...Kiwimac is delierious! He doesn't know what hes saying!

    Quick someone slap him! #-o
     
  10. jj1982

    jj1982 Member

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    Oh my lawd! Watford Gap 'im???I think my friend i' is yew who needs a nang Watford Gap. Only kiddin' China (plate) . Lumme!
     
  11. the lancaster kicks ass

    the lancaster kicks ass Active Member

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    stop showing off.............
     
  12. jj1982

    jj1982 Member

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    ok sorry....
     
  13. cheddar cheese

    cheddar cheese Active Member

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    mosquito was the better plane, the 88 is my personal preferance of the 2 though 8)
     
  14. bronzewhaler82

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    If the JU88 was that much cop...why did the Germans pack them with explosives, attach them to either a Me109 or a FW190 (to guide them on target) and then fly them unmanned into enemy positions and ships to blow them up? something called the 'Mistel' project. :kamahlitude2:

    A bit of a dubious thing to have on your CV wouldn't you say? ;)
     
  15. the lancaster kicks ass

    the lancaster kicks ass Active Member

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    i definatly prefere the mosquito, just for it's better performance..........
     
  16. cheddar cheese

    cheddar cheese Active Member

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    mistel composites eh? :| the lanc like them.... 8)
     
  17. Hot Space

    Hot Space Active Member

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    I would say the Mossie 8)

    Hot Space
     
  18. bronzewhaler82

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  19. cheddar cheese

    cheddar cheese Active Member

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    oh hear what? hail to thee hear ye hear ye ;)
     
  20. Crazy

    Crazy Member

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    A Bf-109/Ju-88 Mistel composite:

    [​IMG]


    I prefer the Mossie for it's superior performance, but the 88 is my favorite of the two as an aircraft in general. I never latched onto the mossie like some :confused:
     
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