General Sun Li-jen is best known for his leadership in the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War, His achievements earned him the laudatory nickname "Rommel of the East" in ww2 he participated in the Battle of Shanghai, Battle of Kunlun Pass and in the Burma Theatre Sun Li-jen was born in Jinnu, Lujiang, Chaohu, Anhui, with ancestry in Shucheng County. During the May Fourth Movement, he was part of the Scouts in the march at Tiananmen Square. In the same year (1919) he married Gong Xitao (龔夕濤) and was admitted in 1920 to Tsinghua University to study civil engineering. Sun played basketball at Tsinghua, becoming a star. He led the Chinese team to a gold medal at the 1921 Far Eastern Championship Games. [1] With a Boxer Rebellion Indemnity Scholarship, he transferred to Purdue University in the United States to complete his senior year in 1923, where he graduated in 1924. But in the United States, ideological zeal motivated him to dramatically change vocations and pursue a military career instead. China was in the middle of civil war, and Soviet and Japanese invaders seemed poised to devour China. Sun decided that he could better serve his divided nation as a soldier rather than an engineer. He applied to the Virginia Military Institute, also in the United States, lying about his age by four years so that he would appear young enough to meet the school's admissions requirements. He graduated from VMI in 1927 and joined Nationalist Army Finance Department army by Minister Sung. During the Second Sino-Japanese War and the latter war against the Chinese Communists in the Chinese Civil War in Northwest China, Sun Li-jen became a highly effective field officer and valued military general to KMT. [edit] Second Sino-Japanese War Sun Liren and Allied Commander Mountbatten.Sun was a colonel and led his troops, a Tax Police Regiment, fighting Japanese during the Battle of Shanghai in 1937. He was badly wounded by mine fragments. After recovery from his injury, Sun led his troops back to the front line. Later, the Nationalist government formed National Salt Gabelle Brigade with 8 regiments. These are KMT best trained and equipped troops. Four of the regiments later became New 38th Division with Sun as the Commandering General. His training center was located in Duyun in the province of Guizhou. After two years training, Sun's New 38th Division was part of the forces Chiang Kai-shek sent into Burma to protect the Burma Road under General Du Yuming. Sun led Chinese forces to the relief of 7,000 British forces trapped by the Japanese in the Battle of Yenangyaung. Although unable to stop the Japanese from cutting the Burma Road, Sun gained the respect of General William Slim, the Commander of the British 14th Army for his competence. Sun and his division retreated into India and became a part of 'X Force', the Chinese forces under the command of Joseph Stilwell, the American commander of all American and Chinese forces deployed in the "China Burma India Theater". Sun's division spearheaded Stilwell's 1943 drive to reconquer North Burma and re-establish the land route to China by the Ledo Road

johnbr, Oct 17, 2011
    There are no comments to display.
  • Category:
    Uploaded By:
    Oct 17, 2011
    View Count:
    Comment Count: