Design and developmentThe M.9A Master I was based on the M.9 Kestrel trainer that was first demonstrated at the Hendon Air show in July 1937, although it never entered production. The M.9 Kestrel, powered by the 745 hp (555 kW) Rolls-Royce Kestrel XVI V-12 engine, could reach 295 mph (475 km/h). The production Master I, which first flew on 31 March 1939, used the lower-powered 715 hp (535 kW) Rolls-Royce Kestrel XXX engine, reducing the maximum speed. Nonetheless it remained one of the fastest and most maneuverable trainers of its day. The Master entered service just before the start of the war, and eventually 900 Mk. I and Mk. IA Masters were built. This total included 26 built as the M.24 Master Fighter which were modified to a single-seat configuration, and armed with six .303 in machine guns for use as an emergency fighter, but did not see combat. When production of the Kestrel engine ceased, a new variant of the Master was designed to use the 870 hp (650 kW) air-cooled radial Bristol Mercury XX engine. The first M.19 Master II prototype flew on 30 October 1939 and 1,748 were eventually built. When the Lend-Lease programme began to supply engines from the United States, a third variant of the Master, the M.27 Master III was designed, powered by the American 825 hp (615 kW) Pratt & Whitney Twin Wasp Junior two-row radial engine. A total of 602 Master IIIs were built before production of the Miles Martinet took over in 1942. In trainer form, the Master was equipped to carry eight practice bombs, plus one .303 in Vickers machine gun mounted in the front fuselage. In 1942, all variants had their wings clipped by three feet (one metre) to reduce stress on the wings and increase maneuverability. Specifications (Mk II)Data from[citation needed] General characteristics Crew: Two (instructor and student) Length: 29 ft 6 in (8.99 m) Wingspan: 39 ft 0 in[2] (11.89 m) Height: 9 ft 3 in (2.82 m) Wing area: 217 ft² [3] (20.16 m²) Airfoil: NACA 230 Empty weight: 4,293 lb (1,947 kg) Max takeoff weight: 5,573 lb (2,528 kg) Powerplant: 1 × Bristol Mercury XX 9-cylinder supercharged air-cooled radial engine, 870 hp (623 kW) Performance Maximum speed: 260 mph (416 km/h) at 5,000 ft (1,500 m) Cruise speed: 230 mph (368 km/h) at 5,000 ft (1,500 m) Range: 341 nm (393 mi, 632 km) Service ceiling: 28,000 ft (8,500 m) Wing loading: 23.7 lb/ft² (116 kg/m²) Power/mass: 0.156 hp/lb (0.255 kW/kg) Armament Guns: 1 × .303 in Vickers K machine gun

johnbr, Nov 27, 2011
    There are no comments to display.
  • Category:
    Uploaded By:
    Nov 27, 2011
    View Count:
    Comment Count: