Let there be a Nachtjagd.

Discussion in 'Aviation' started by davebender, Jun 30, 2012.

  1. davebender

    davebender Well-Known Member

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    26 June 1940.
    Wassenaar, Holland (just north of the Hague).
    Conference attended by Goering and a bunch of other top Luftwaffe officers.
    …..NJG1 to be established immediately.
    …..Hauptmann Falck commanding.
    …..Goering gave Falck almost unlimited authority to select the best aircraft, personnel and operating facilities.
    …..Falck also had Goering’s authority to coordinate directly with radar, flak and searchlight units.
    …..Initially NJG1 would consist of two Me-110 Gruppe and one Gruppe of Me-109s.

    July 1940. Nachtjagddivision established. Oberst Kammhuber commanding.

    1 September 1940. NJG2 established.
    …..One Gruppe of Ju-88C.
    …..One Gruppe of Do-17Z. Intruder unit.

    Late 1940.
    Oberst Kammhuber orders development of Lichtenstein AI radar. Development was rapid with the first Nachtjagd AI radar victory achieved 9 August 1941. Lichtenstein AI radar was placed into mass production during 1942 and widely available by the end of that year.

    January 1941. Nachtjagd has expanded to three Geschwader.
    Initially there are no standardized night fighter aircraft. Furthermore none of the Geschwader have all authorized aircraft.

    Point of departure. January 1941.
    Goering chairs another meeting to bring order to the Nachtjagd which are growing rather helter-skelter.

    “Three full strength Geschwader require about 300 aircraft. Plus a steady supply of replacement aircraft. Nachtjagd have grown to the point where they require an aircraft designed specifically for that purpose. Make it so.”

    Specific Requirements.
    …..Aircraft should be in mass production during 1942.
    …..Jumo 222, Jumo 213, DB603 and BMW 801 engines are not available for this aircraft during 1942. Perhaps later.
    …..Endurance has proven to be very important for night fighter aircraft.
    …..Aerial performance adequate for shooting down bomber aircraft.
    …..Adequate interior space for Bordfunker and his electronic equipment. The number of gadgets is increasing so leave room for future growth.
    .....Night fighter aircraft rarely use rear firing weapons so they are a waste of payload and interior space.
     
  2. davebender

    davebender Well-Known Member

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    #2 davebender, Jun 30, 2012
    Last edited: Jun 30, 2012
    Too small for a level bomber so the Do-17 / Do-215 ended production during early 1941. However it might be the right size for a night fighter aircraft.

    5,780 kg. Empty weight. Do-215B (DB601 engines).
    Crew of 4.
    Wing loading is low. Hence good maneuverability.
    1,000 kg bomb bay.

    Proposed Do-215C night fighter aircraft.
    …..Crew of 2. Pilot plus bordfunker.
    …..Delete defensive weapons.
    …..Solid nose. Perhaps more streamlined. Contains cannon.
    …..Delete bomb bay. Space used for another fuel tank.
    …..Powered by readily available 1,340 hp Jumo 211F engines.

    This proposed aircraft has the advantage of being available almost immediately. Could be rolling off Dornier assembly line by summer 1941. Power to weight ratio should be good with 1,340 hp engines. More interior space then Me-110.

    Inexpensive too. (1941 price with engines)
    210,140 RM. Me-110.
    235,000 RM. Do-17.
    306,950 RM. Ju-88.
     
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