The First Brazilian Fighter Group

Discussion in 'Stories' started by Hobilar, Nov 10, 2007.

  1. Hobilar

    Hobilar Member

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    The First Brazilian Fighter Group consisting of four squadrons arrived at the Italian port of Livorno on the 6th October 1944. The Brazilian pilots started taking part in war missions, flying their new P-47 Thunderbolts on the 31st October 1944, and along with the US 350th Fighter Group were part of the Tactical Air Force of the Mediterranean which supported the US Fifth and British Eighth Armies.

    On the 6th November the Brazilians suffered their first loss in action when: 2nd Lieutenant Cordeiro e Silva was killed by anti-aircraft fire in the region of Bologna. Then on the 11th November, the group began operations in squadrons formed exclusively by their own pilots and picking their own targets.

    A month later, on the 4th December 1944, the Brazilians, together with the 350th Fighter Group, moved to Pisa airfield, 124 miles to the North and very near the front, which allowed the group to take better advantage of the range of their aircraft.

    The Brazilians operated in Italy in the role of fighter-bombers, attacking rail and road bridges, railway stations and tracks, airfields, artillery positions, barracks and troop concentrations, and ammunition and petrol depots, Occasion the Brazilian airmen had the opportunity of supporting the Brazilian Expeditionary Force directly; such as on the 20th February 1945, the day before the BEF took Monte Castelo.
     
  2. Hobilar

    Hobilar Member

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    On the 4th February 1945, 2-Lt Danilo. were shot down in flames whilst attacking trains to the Southwest of Treviso. Baling out. Lieutenant Danilo walked for twenty-four days, across enemy territory before joining the partisans and finally getting through the front lines to rejoin his comrades.

    Of the 48 pilots of the Brazilian Unit who carried out war missions, there was a total of 22 losses; five being killed by anti-aircraft fire, eight had their planes shot down and baled out over enemy territory, and six had to give up flying operations on medical orders. Three others died in flying accidents.

    The 1st Brazilian Fighter Group accomplished 445 missions, making 2,546 flights and 5,465 hours flight on active service. It destroyed 1,304 motor vehicles, 13 railway wagons, 8 armoured cars, 25 railway and highway bridges and 31 fuel and munitions depots.
     
  3. david johnson

    david johnson Member

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    thanks, i did not know that. was their operational language english or portuguese?

    dj
     
  4. Hobilar

    Hobilar Member

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    Brazil was the only Latin American country to send troops to the European Theatre. Brazil declared war on the Axis powers in July of 1942 and a force of 25,000 was prepared to be sent to Italy.

    The arrival of the Brazilians in the winter of 1944-45 had caused a near panic in finding Portuguese speaking interpreters. In addition the Brazilians arrived wearing light clothing which was completely inappropriate for Appennine blizzards. Re-equipped with American uniforms it was found that the Brazilians had much smaller feet than the average American or British Soldier and finding sufficient footwear became a Quartermasters' nightmare.

    The First Brazilian Infantry Division consisting of the 1st, 6th and 11th Brazilian Infantry Regiments, served in the IV (US) Corps of the Fifth (United States) Army in the Italian Campaign during 1945.

    Brazil was one of only two Latin American countries to actually commit military forces during World War II, the other being Mexico.
     
  5. Lucke.stz

    Lucke.stz Member

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  6. pbfoot

    pbfoot Active Member

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    In the American sphere of influence as opposed to the British? or who were they tasked by
     
  7. ROMERO

    ROMERO New Member

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    We went to war because of the loss of our commercial vessels victims of German submarines but also listen to American pressure. There was no pressure British because they had their ex.colonias for help ...
     
  8. Ramirezzz

    Ramirezzz Member

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  9. JugBR

    JugBR Active Member

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    yes, agreed, would be impossible to brazil stay aware of conflict by its strategical position in the south atlantic. very usefull specially when allies was fighting germany in africa and hunting u-boats in s. atlantic.
     
  10. RabidAlien

    RabidAlien Active Member

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    :salute: Rock on, guys! :occasion5:
     
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