Interceptor vs Escort.

Discussion in 'Aviation' started by Soren, Jun 28, 2005.

  1. Soren

    Soren Banned

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    Bf 109K-4 vs P-51D Mustang

    [​IMG]
    Bf 109K-4 Statistics:

    Engine: Daimler Benz DB-605D with MW-50 boost.
    Power: 2,000 HP.
    Max. Speed: 727 km/h. (452 mph.)
    Max. Climb: 1,470 m/min (4,823 ft/min.)
    Empty Weight: 2,673 kg. (5,298 lbs.)
    Loaded Weight *Clean*: 3,148 kg. (6,940 lbs.)
    Max. Weight: 3,373 kg. (7,438 lbs.)
    Wing-Span: 9.97 m. (32.7 ft.)
    Wing-Area: 16.4 sq.m. (176.6 sq.ft.)
    Armament: 2x 13mm HMG's (MG 131) 1x 30mm cannon (MK 108).

    Bf 109K-4 Aerodynamic statistics:

    Wing-loading *Loaded*: 191.9 kg/sq.m. (39.2 lbs/sq.ft.)
    Wing Aspect-Ratio: 6.06 .
    Airfoil: NACA 2R1 14.2 - 2R1 11.35.
    Airfoil Thickness Ratio: Root= 14.2% Tip= 11.35%.
    Wing CL-max *Freeflow*: 1.48 . (No slats or flaps deployed)

    Lift-loading *Loaded*: 129.69 kg/sq.m. (26.5 lbs/sq.ft.)
    Power-loading *Loaded*: 1.57 kg/hp. (3.47 lbs/hp.)

    Bf 109K-4 Additional features:

    -Automatic-Slats Flettner-Tabs.
    -Inclined seat position for better G-load resistance Friese ailerons.

    [​IMG]
    P-51D Mustang Statistics:

    Engine: Packard Merlin V-1650-7.
    Power: 1,720 HP.
    Max.Speed: 703 km/h (437mph).
    Max. Climb: 1,060 m/min. (3,478 ft/min)
    Empty Weight: 3,175 kg. (7,000 lbs.)
    Loaded Weight *Clean*: 4,286 kg. (9,449 lbs.)
    Max. Weight: 5,487 kg. (12,096 lbs.)
    Wing-Span: 11.3 m. (37.07 ft.)
    Wing-Area: 21.83 sq.m. (233 sq.ft.)
    Armament: 6x .50 cal HMG's (M2).

    P-51D Mustang Aerodynamic statistics:

    Wing-Loading *Loaded*: 196.33 kg/sq.m. (40.5 lbs/sq.ft.)
    Wing Aspect-Ratio: 5.81 .
    Airfoil: "Laminar" NAA/NACA 45-100 - NAA/NACA 45-100.
    Airfoil Thickness Ratio: Root= 14.8 or 15% Tip= 12%.
    Wing CL-max *Freeflow*: 1.28 . (No flaps deployed)

    Lift-loading *Loaded*: 153.38 kg/sq.m. (31.6 lbs/sq.ft.)
    Power-loading *Loaded*: 2.49 kg/hp. ( 5.49 lbs/hp.)

    P-51D Mustang Additional features:

    -Laminar wing Tear-shaped canopy.
    -Gyro-Gunsight.

    ----------------------------------------------------------------
    Aerodynamic Facts:

    Airfoil Thickness Ratio - Higher is better.
    Wing CL-max - Higher is better.
    Wing Aspect Ratio - Higher is better.

    Lift-loading - Lower is better.
    Power-loading - Lower is better.

    Automatic leading edge slats info:
    Slats extend up the range of AoA where the airflow stays attached to the wing. Without slats a wing would stall at a certain AoA, the airflow turning turbulent at the same moment with a sudden enormous increase in drag. With slats the airflow stays non-turbulent for some extra amount of AoA, and there will not be any "stepped" increase in drag when the slats deploy, only at the point where even the slats cannot prevent the wing entering a stall. The automatic-slats work at all speeds, and significantly increase the stall angle and CL-max of the airfoil.
    Illustration: http://history.nasa.gov/SP-367/fig63.jpg

    Laminar wing info:
    Laminar flow wings lowered the drag, but this came at the cost of lower lift, especially under high G loads. A Laminar flow wing will stall earlier and more violently than a conventional wing.
    -----------------------------------------------------------------

    Wing Cl-max were obtained from:

    Bf-109: from full scale Windtunnel test in Charlais Meudan.
    P-51: from Naca Report 829, Page 26 in the PDF of the Naca Report server.
     
  2. DerAdlerIstGelandet

    DerAdlerIstGelandet Der Crew Chief
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    Damn very good comparison, and this I believe proves that the P-51D was not as good as most would like to think it is. Not that she was not a great fighter because she was but that she wasn't as good as made out to be.
     
  3. lesofprimus

    lesofprimus Active Member

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    Superiority in numbers.......
     
  4. DerAdlerIstGelandet

    DerAdlerIstGelandet Der Crew Chief
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    Exactly. I have come to conclusion after more and more research since joining the site that the best US fighter in the ETO was the P-47. I used to really think it was the P-51D. I still think though that the P-51D made the biggest impact for the allies. Its long range allowed it to escort the bombers deep into Germany. Without the bomber losses may have been much higher.
     
  5. wmaxt

    wmaxt Active Member

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    Thats a good start and the stats show the Bf-109K should have an edge but it also doesn't show anything overwelming.

    Can we dig into it further? Does anyone have roll rates, acceleration, turn rates etc.? Strictly using these numbers doesn't tell the whole story.

    P-51 acceleration is 2.2mph/sec between 10k 15k at METO power
    P-51 Roll Rate 90deg/sec @ 300mph

    I have read several test results that the P-51 was fully controlable to 606mph, airframe max. While all direct control aircraft are going to be affected to some extent, by speed, the P-51s controlability has always been rated above average even by people outside the "I love Mustangs" club.

    Remember guy's, I've never been a big advocate of the P-51 but were all here to learn the truth and the historys of these fine aircraft and their pilots. My contention, as accepted in this thread is that the P-51 was compettitive, the question is, how compettitive? Lets compare them 1:1 and without bias and get a honest answer.

    wmaxt
     
  6. wmaxt

    wmaxt Active Member

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    I agree to a point though I feel the P-47 w/paddle prop was as good as the P-51 until the M model which never really had a chance to prove itself. The P-47 made a significant impact that never has been recognized. And the P-51 blanket for the deeper raids was a major impact. Escort, whether P-38, P-47 or P-51 dropped the loss rate from fighters more than 50% and allowed the daylite raids to continue.

    The P-38 was the best in the ETO and at the time it was used widely, I think criticle. Without the P-38 the arial offensive in Europe would have been stopped or delayed 6 months or more until the P-51/P-47D were available in the quantity required. It's been argued that the P-47/P-51 crushed the Germans but it was after the P-38s (P-51s went from 0 to dominant in this period) held the line.

    wmaxt
     
  7. DerAdlerIstGelandet

    DerAdlerIstGelandet Der Crew Chief
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    I agree its a great idea. In all of my searches though I have never seen anythign that actually states the 109's roll rate for any version.
     
  8. wmaxt

    wmaxt Active Member

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    I just want to know, right now everybody is saying "Mines better" with no real answer. I think there close enough it's not really an issue and that seems to rile everybody up. :confused:

    wmaxt
     
  9. poprune

    poprune Member

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    Aerodynamicists have proved that a bee can't fly: the power to weight ratio is all wrong and they've got damn-all in the way of aspect ratio and C of L.

    Bees do fly, but do they fly better than flies fly? If they do, at what speed, height, power, weight and load configuration do they fly better or worse? And who polished what or didn't beat out those dents where someone dropped a spanner? (Sorry, fly)

    In short: on the day, in the conditions and given the circumstances... who knows?


    (Sorry, Soren; I'm being rude and disrespectful, for which apologies)
     
  10. DerAdlerIstGelandet

    DerAdlerIstGelandet Der Crew Chief
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    I thought it was quite funny.
     
  11. Soren

    Soren Banned

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    No aerodynamists havent proven it wrong at all :!:

    What they have proved is that the "bumblebee" (not the "Bee") can't 'Glide', but it 'can' fly because of its static wings moving rapidly up and down creating much more lift than a similar sized fixed wing would be capable of.

    So the "Its proven the bumblebee can't fly" myth, is infact just a myth. ;)
     
  12. plan_D

    plan_D Active Member

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    It's the many muscles and strange movement of the wing that allow it to fly. It's amazing really, I saw it on this programme where they filmed one close up and slowed it right down...

    Amazing piece of natural engineering!
     
  13. lesofprimus

    lesofprimus Active Member

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    Ouch.......
     

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  14. poprune

    poprune Member

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    I know I was trying, in my own small way, to make a point of quite another colour...
     
  15. DerAdlerIstGelandet

    DerAdlerIstGelandet Der Crew Chief
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    Another kick in the nuts. :D
     
  16. poprune

    poprune Member

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    Not intended as such, I assure you. What I was trying to get over - somewhat clumsily, as it turned out - is that quoting numbers can't be taken as a basis of comparison on the efficiency (or effectiveness) of any two aircraft because so many secondary factors come into play. How, for instance do the (wholly admirable) figures supplied by Soren convey the fact that the view from a 109 - any 109 - was practically non-existent?
    A 262 could leave everything panting in its wake, but those engines had a live of just 25 hours or less and were as thirsty as all hell. Gliders are sitting ducks. And just think of the way the Luftwaffe was outnumbered in the last year or so...

    See what I mean?
     
  17. FLYBOYJ

    FLYBOYJ "THE GREAT GAZOO"
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    Bottom line the -109 K4 was a better performer than the Mustang. The Mustang could compete but it was the shear numbers of Mustangs and Germany's lack of fuel that led to the ultimate demise!
     
  18. the lancaster kicks ass

    the lancaster kicks ass Active Member

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  19. FLYBOYJ

    FLYBOYJ "THE GREAT GAZOO"
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    The one thing I give accolades to the Mustang is it was competitive and was able to bring the fight into Germany. Other than that I have always felt it was over-rated. I think later model P-38s and P-47s were better aircraft.
     
  20. plan_D

    plan_D Active Member

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    The P-51 was an easy plane to handle though, it was largely forgiving for the many rookie pilots that flew her. It took the fight to Germany, it also must have had something going for it because the Soviet Union used weight in numbers as well but their numbers were much-much higher.

    The P-51 was also easy to build and maintain. So, personally the performance of plane as a dogfighter is over-rated. The plane itself is not nor is it's contribution to the war.
     
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