Black Cats, 'Flip' Anderson and VPB-33

Discussion in 'Modeling' started by Lucky13, Jan 1, 2010.

  1. Lucky13

    Lucky13 Forum Mascot

    Joined:
    Aug 21, 2006
    Messages:
    36,727
    Likes Received:
    1,064
    Trophy Points:
    113
    Occupation:
    Nightshift picker
    Location:
    A Swede living in Glasgow, Scotland
    Home Page:
    #1 Lucky13, Jan 1, 2010
    Last edited: Jan 2, 2010
    Well, I had a very nice surprise in email last week, an email from Fernald Philip Anderson's son, Bill, a retired Marine officer! He has very kindly offered to help me with Bu. No. numbers etc., of the Black Cats that his father flew during the VP-33's record breaking September month in '44 and even an DVD with a interview with 'Flip' as I understood!
    Since the next GB is Cold War and Armour, I'll be doing 'Flip's' Black Cat in which he flew on the night of tthe 5th of September when he sank two Japanese destroyer escorts off Zamboanga....

    FERNALD PHILIP ANDERSON
    27 AUG 1915 - 2 JAN 2005​

    Fernald P. (Flip) Anderson, 89, a decorated Navy captain whose flying squadron amassed a distinguished World War II record, died January 2 of cardiac arrest at his home in Arlington.

    Deployed to the Southwest Pacific from September 1943 to February 1944, Capt. Anderson held several leadership positions in VPB-33, a squadron that flew PBY-5 Catalina seaplanes referred to as “Black Cats” for their black non-reflective paint and the ability to attack Japanese strongholds and ships at night deep behind enemy lines. During September 1944 while Capt. Anderson was the Commanding Officer, VPB-33 sank or destroyed 103,500 tons of valuable enemy shipping and damaged an additional 53,000 tons. This was the highest one-month total achieved by any WW II flying unit. For this feat, the squadron received the Presidential Unit Citation and Capt. Anderson was awarded the Legion of Merit with Combat “V”. It was also during this period that Captain Anderson earned personally the Distinguished Flying Cross for attacking and sinking a Japanese tanker and its escort despite intense antiaircraft fire damaging his aircraft.

    A longtime Arlington resident, Fernald Philip Anderson was born in New Sweden, Maine. He was the first young man from this Swedish community in northern Maine to attend the U.S. Naval Academy graduating in 1939. For the next two years, Capt. Anderson served in the surface Navy as a gunnery officer. In September 1941, he was detached from the battleship, USS ARKANSAS, with orders to report to Naval Air Station, Pensacola, Florida, for flight training. Designated a Naval Aviator on May 8, 1942, Capt. Anderson was assigned to VP-33 as it was forming in Norfolk, Virginia. In August 1942, VP-33 was ordered to the Panama Canal Zone and participated in anti-submarine operations protecting the Panama Canal. For his conduct during this deployment, Capt. Anderson was awarded the Cross of Boyaca by the Government of Columbia. Now re-designated VPB-33, the squadron deployed to the Southwest Pacific via Hawaii and Australia in August 1943. The squadron participated in every campaign in this combat theater of operations until February 1945 following the liberation of the Philippines. In addition to the combat sorties deep into enemy territory, these operations included regular daytime patrols and rescue missions As reported in the 1992 book, Black Cats with Wings of Gold by A. J. Mueller, VPB-33 “became the most highly decorated squadron in the Pacific Area of Operations”. The exploits of VPB-33 were the subject of a 1999 Birds of a Feather video production entitled “Black Cats” that has been aired on various cable television channels.

    Following his return to the United States in March 1945, Capt. Anderson served in several aviation training assignments, most notably, Executive Office, Naval Air Station, Brunswick, Maine. In February 1948 he reported for duty at Air (sic) Early Warning Squadron One (VPW 1), San Diego, California, as the Executive Officer. VPW 1 was the Navy’s first dedicated land-based airborne early warning (AEW) squadron flying the Navy’s variant of the Army Air Forces radar-equipped EB-17G or PB-1W. After a tour of shore duty at the Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C., as Program Officer and Atomic Energy Commission Liaison, Capt. Anderson returned to flying in June 1952 when he became the first Commanding Officer of the new AEW Squadron One (VW-1). During Capt. Anderson’s tour, VW-1 participated in combat operations in Korea and transitioned from the PB-1W to the Lockheed Constellation (WV-2) in December 1952.

    Capt. Anderson returned to Washington, D. C., in July 1954 and was assigned to the staff of the Chief of Naval Operations. From August 1956 to July 1957, he was a student at the National War College, Fort Leslie J. McNair. After tours in Norfolk, Virginia, on the staff of the Commander, Naval Air Force, Atlantic Fleet, and Commander-in-Chief, NATO’s Atlantic Command, Capt. Anderson returned to Washington when he was appointed the Director of the Navy’s Astronautics Operations Division serving as the Navy’s liaison with NASA’s Project Mercury and the original 7 astronauts.. This office was instrumental in the early days of the U.S. space program. From 1962 to 1965, Capt. Anderson served on the staff of the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff. On July 1, 1965, he retired from the Navy after 26 years commissioned service. Effective September 1, 1970, after working as a research and systems analyst with a defense contractor, Capt. Anderson was recalled to active duty as Director, Navy Council of Personnel Boards. In this position, he served also as the President, Navy Discharge Review Board and Navy Clemency and Parole Board. His duties were expanded in 1975 to include Director, Office of Naval Disability Evaluation. Retiring for the second time in 1976, Capt. Anderson was awarded his second Legion of Merit for his performance of duty during this period.

    In retirement, finally, Capt. Anderson remained in Arlington, Virginia, where he was active in community and business affairs for many years. He was a deacon in the Memorial Baptist Church and was church clerk for 36 years. Capt. Anderson also was a member of the church choir and served as the interim choir director for a period during the 1970's. An active member of the Arlington Host Lions Club, he was also the secretary of U.S. Naval Academy Class of 1939 and served as class president from 1980 to 1986. Beginning in 1976, Capt. Anderson was a tax consultant affiliated with the Executive Tax Service of H&R Block. In 1981, he was appointed the Director of H&R Block’s Premium Tax Service for Arlington, a post he held until 2002.

    Capt. Anderson was very proud of his Swedish heritage. In 1959, he was awarded the Royal Order of the Sword (Knight Commander) by the King of Sweden in appreciation of services rendered as escort officer for Admiral Stig Ericsson, Commander-in-Chief, Royal Swedish Navy, during a visit to the United States in 1958. In addition, Capt. Anderson was deeply touched and honored when the citizen’s committee from New Sweden, Maine, asked him to be the Grand Marshall in the community’s centennial parade in 1970 as his grandfather was one of the founders of the town.

    Survivors include his wife of 62 years, Carolyn R. Anderson, of Arlington; two sons, Philip R. Anderson M.D., of South Berwick, Maine, and Colonel William T. Anderson USMC (Ret.), of Casteau, Belgium; a sister, Enid Olivenbaum, of Clermont, Florida; and five grandchildren.


    This photo was done in 1953 when he was CO of VW-1, the Navy's first operational AEW squadron flying the Navy variant of B-17Gs.

    [​IMG]
     
  2. Aaron Brooks Wolters

    Aaron Brooks Wolters Well-Known Member

    Joined:
    Jul 28, 2007
    Messages:
    15,719
    Likes Received:
    339
    Trophy Points:
    83
    Gender:
    Male
    Occupation:
    Auto Restoration
    Location:
    Abingdon, VA.
    Very cool Jan!!!!:headbang: :cool: Kudos!!!!:thumbup:
     
  3. Lucky13

    Lucky13 Forum Mascot

    Joined:
    Aug 21, 2006
    Messages:
    36,727
    Likes Received:
    1,064
    Trophy Points:
    113
    Occupation:
    Nightshift picker
    Location:
    A Swede living in Glasgow, Scotland
    Home Page:
    Cheers Aaron! I'm pretty chuffed and excited about it! Had a peak in the box again today, I forgot how bl**dy huge the PBY is in 1/48! :shock:
     
  4. B-17engineer

    B-17engineer Active Member

    Joined:
    Dec 9, 2007
    Messages:
    14,953
    Likes Received:
    13
    Trophy Points:
    38
    Occupation:
    model builder
    Location:
    Revis Island.
    Nice Jan can't wait. :D
     
  5. kgambit

    kgambit Active Member

    Joined:
    May 29, 2006
    Messages:
    1,719
    Likes Received:
    0
    Trophy Points:
    36
    Occupation:
    Retired
    Location:
    North Carolina
    Very cool Jan. :) VERY cool!
     
  6. Lucky13

    Lucky13 Forum Mascot

    Joined:
    Aug 21, 2006
    Messages:
    36,727
    Likes Received:
    1,064
    Trophy Points:
    113
    Occupation:
    Nightshift picker
    Location:
    A Swede living in Glasgow, Scotland
    Home Page:
    #6 Lucky13, Jan 2, 2010
    Last edited: Jan 2, 2010
    Cheers guys!

    Squadron History: VPB-33

    Lineage

    Established as Patrol Squadron THIRTY THREE (VP-33) on 1 April 1942.
    Redesignated Patrol Bombing Squadron THIRTY THREE (VPB-33) on 1 October 1944.
    Disestablished on 7 April 1945.


    Squadron Insignia and Nickname

    VP-33 was destined to become one of ten well-known Black Cat squadrons operating in the South Pacific during WWII. After reaching the combat zone and being assigned its unique mission, the squadron submitted a new design to CNO. This insignia was approved on 17 April 1944. The black cat, the central character of the design, was shown armed with a telescope and depth charge and superimposed on an enlarged cat’s eye. Colors: background, black; eye, orange and lemon yellow; cat, black with yellow outlines; eyeball, yellow; pupil, green; telescope, blue and white; depth charge, light blue with black markings. This insignia was used by the squadron until its disestablishment in 1945.

    Nickname: Black Cats, 1943–1945.

    Chronology of Significant Events

    1 Apr–Jul 1942: VP-33 was established at NAS Norfolk, Va., under the operational control of FAW-5, as a seaplane squadron flying the PBY-5A Catalina. Squadron training was conducted at NAS Quonset Point, R.I., until mid-July.

    9 Jul 1942: Patrol Squadron 52 was withdrawn from NAS Coco Solo, C.Z., and replaced by VP-33. During this period the squadron came under the operational control of FAW-3 and was assigned duties of patrolling convoy routes, ASW patrols and ferrying supplies to advanced bases in the Caribbean.

    10 Jul 1943: VP-33 was relieved at NAS Coco Solo for return to NAS Corpus Christi, Texas, and 15 days home leave with orders to report to NAS San Diego, Calif.

    15 Aug 1943: After a brief two-week period of refit with new aircraft and equipment, the squadron departed NAS San Diego, Calif., for transpac to NAS Kaneohe, Hawaii. Upon arrival the squadron came under the operational control of FAW-2 and quickly deployed to Canton Island. VP-33 conducted day searches toward the Gilberts covering the occupation of Baker Island.

    26 Sep 1943: VP-33 was relocated to Funafuti, conducting day searches toward Tarawa.

    26 Oct 1943: VP-33 moved to Perth, Australia, under the operational control of FAW-10. The squadron conducted day searches and night bombing missions to Koepang and Amboina, officially becoming a member of the Black Cat club.

    15 Feb 1944: VP-33 was relocated to Samarai, New Guinea, under the operational control of FAW-17. The squadron was assigned night search patrols and attack missions against enemy shipping in the Bismarck Sea.

    25 Mar 1944: VP-33 was relocated to Manus, in the Admiralty Island chain. There it conducted daylight searches toward Turk and Woleai; bombing missions against Woleai and Wakde; air-sea rescue missions around Truk, Woleai and Yap; and coverage for the invasion of Hollandia.

    19 May 1944: After the occupation of Hollandia, the squadron moved aboard Heron (AVP 2) in Humboldt Bay. With VP-52, the squadron conducted VP-33 was destined to become one of ten well-known Black Cat squadrons operating in the South Pacific during WWII. After reaching the combat zone and being assigned its unique mission, the squadron air-sea rescue for Army strikes on Wewak, Wakde, Biak, Noemfoor, Manokwari, Babo, Jefman and Sagan.

    17 Jul 1944: VP-33 was relocated to Manus to conduct daylight searches and air-sea rescue missions for downed aircrews.

    1 Sep 1944: VP-33 moved to Middleburg Island to conduct night search and attack missions against enemy shipping in the Netherlands East Indies and southern Philippine islands area.

    19 Sep 1944: The squadron was relocated to Morotai with no change in its assigned missions.

    26 Sep 1944: Lieutenant James F. Merritt, Jr., led his Catalina in an attack against two enemy transports and their five armed escorts. The attack was conducted off the southwest coast of Mindanao, Philippines, in hazardous night conditions of bright moonlight and heavy concentrations of antiaircraft fire from the armed escort ships. During his mast head bombing attack his bombs failed to release. He returned, despite the heavy AA fire, and made a successful attack resulting in probable damage to one large transport and the destruction of the other transport. For his actions he was awarded the Navy Cross.

    3 Oct 1944: While patrolling the Toli Toli Bay, Northern Celebes, on a Black Cat mission the night of 3 October, Lieutenant (jg) William B. Sumpter led his PBY Catalina in an attack against a 6,000-ton Katori-class light cruiser. His attack was made during the hazardous conditions of bright moonlight and against constant and intense antiaircraft fire from the cruiser. He scored eight bomb hits resulting in explosions and the burning of the cruiser and its sinking. For his actions he was awarded the Navy Cross.

    23 Oct 1944: VPB-33 was relocated to Leyte to conduct daylight searches for the enemy in the Philippine Sea. The squadron at this time came under the operational control of FAW-10.

    1 Dec 1944: A detachment of four aircraft remained under FAW-10 at Woendi Lagoon. The remainder of the squadron relocated to Los Negros under FAW-17. This group with seven aircraft operated from Emirau and the Green and Treasury islands to conduct ASW patrols and air-sea rescue missions.

    20 Dec 1944: The Woendi detachment returned to Leyte aboard the tender San Carlos (AVP 51). There they were reunited with the rest of the squadron on 10 January 1945, with additional support from Tangier ( AV 8 ). Antishipping patrols and Dumbo missions were the order of the day.

    4 Feb–Mar 1945: VPB-33 was relieved for return to the U.S. The squadron flew to Los Negros Island and boarded HMS Tracker on 27 February for return to San Diego, Calif. Upon arrival on 19 March the squadron was assigned temporary quarters and given leave on the 24th.

    10 Apr 1945: VPB-33 was disestablished.

    Home Port Assignments

    Location/Date of Assignment
    NAS Quonset Point, R.I./1 Apr 1942
    NAS Coco Solo, C.Z./9 Jul 1942
    NAS San Diego, Calif./Jul 1943
    NAS Kaneohe, Hawaii/15 Aug 1943
    NAS San Diego, Calif./19 Mar 1945


    Commanding Officers

    LCDR H. D. Hale 1 Apr 1942
    LCDR R. C. Bengston 22 Dec 1942
    LCDR F. P. Anderson 15 Aug 1943


    Aircraft Assignment

    Type of Aircraft/ Date Type First Received
    PBY-5A/1 Apr 1942

    Major Overseas Deployments

    Date of Departure/Date of Return/Wing/Base of Operations/Type of Aircraft/Area of Operations
    9 Jul 1942 10 Jul 1943/FAW-3/Coco Solo/PBY-5A/Carib
    15 Aug 1943/*/FAW-2/Kaneohe/PBY-5A/WestPac
    26 Sep 1943/*/FAW-2/Funafuti/PBY-5A/SoPac
    26 Oct 1943/*/FAW-10/Perth/PBY-5A/SoPac
    15 Feb 1944/*/FAW-17/Samarai/PBY-5A/SoPac
    25 Mar 1944/*/FAW-17/Manus/PBY-5A/SoPac
    19 May 1944/*/FAW-17/Humboldt Bay/PBY-5A/SoPac/ Heron (AVP 2)
    17 Jul 1944/*/FAW-17/Manus/PBY-5A/SoPac
    1 Sep 1944/*/FAW-17/Middleburg Is./PBY-5A/SoPac
    19 Sep 1944/*/FAW-17/Morotai/PBY-5A/SoPac
    23 Oct 1944/*/FAW-10/Leyte/PBY-5A/SoPac
    1 Dec 1944/*/FAW-10/Woendi/PBY-5A/SoPac
    1 Dec 1944/*/FAW-17/Los Negros/PBY-5A/SoPac
    20 Dec 1944/19 Mars 1945/FAW-10/Leyte/PBY-5A/SoPac/San Carlos (AVP 51)

    Continued combat deployment in the Pacific, moving from base to base.


    Wing Assignments

    Wing/Tail Code/Assignment Date
    PatWing-5/*/1 Apr 1942
    PatWing-3/FAW-3/*/9 Jul 1942 *
    FAW-14/*/Jul 1943
    FAW-2/*/15 Aug 1943
    FAW-10/*/26 Oct 1943
    FAW-17/*/15 Feb 1944
    FAW-10/*/23 Oct 1944
    FAW-17/10/*/1 Dec 1944 †
    FAW-14/*/27 Feb 1945

    * PatWing-3 was redesignated Fleet Air Wing-3 (FAW-3) on 1 November 1942.
    † A squadron detachment remained under FAW-10s operational control while the remainder of the squadron was assigned to FAW-17 on 1 December 1944. The detachment returned to the main squadron in late December 1944 and then came under FAW-17’s control.

    Unit Awards Received

    Unit Award Inclusive Date Covering Unit Award
    PUC 1 Sep 1944 4 Oct 1944
     

    Attached Files:

  7. Heinz

    Heinz Active Member

    Joined:
    Feb 6, 2007
    Messages:
    7,731
    Likes Received:
    0
    Trophy Points:
    36
    Occupation:
    Student, Musician, Writer, Thinker, Shelf Stacker...
    Location:
    Melbourne, Victoria
    Very cool Jan!

    Im big a fan of the Black Cats too, both Aussi and US.

    Cheers.
     
  8. Lucky13

    Lucky13 Forum Mascot

    Joined:
    Aug 21, 2006
    Messages:
    36,727
    Likes Received:
    1,064
    Trophy Points:
    113
    Occupation:
    Nightshift picker
    Location:
    A Swede living in Glasgow, Scotland
    Home Page:
    Yup! Same here mate, got to love the Black Cats and the Dumbos! Got four 1/48 Cats sitting two -5's and two -5A's, one Black Cat and one Dumbo.
    I'll have to do an Aussie Cat as well, don't I? ;)
     
  9. Heinz

    Heinz Active Member

    Joined:
    Feb 6, 2007
    Messages:
    7,731
    Likes Received:
    0
    Trophy Points:
    36
    Occupation:
    Student, Musician, Writer, Thinker, Shelf Stacker...
    Location:
    Melbourne, Victoria
    You will! I've got an Academy 72nd Cat lined for the near future.
     
  10. Lucky13

    Lucky13 Forum Mascot

    Joined:
    Aug 21, 2006
    Messages:
    36,727
    Likes Received:
    1,064
    Trophy Points:
    113
    Occupation:
    Nightshift picker
    Location:
    A Swede living in Glasgow, Scotland
    Home Page:
    Right! You Aussies can toss me a few ideas for an Aussie -5, -5A, Black Cat or Dumbo....8)
     
  11. binche57

    binche57 New Member

    Joined:
    Dec 7, 2014
    Messages:
    1
    Likes Received:
    0
    Trophy Points:
    1
    Occupation:
    Retired Ajdjunct Faculty, Marine Corps University, Quantico, VA
    Location:
    Spotsylvania, VA
    Lucky 13. Flip's boy here. I seem to have lost some computer data recently and trying to recover anything I have sent out about my Dad. Did I ever respond to you on the BuNos? Video? Did you do the model? In 2011, Dad was inducted into Navy's Maritime Patrol and Reconnaissance Force's Hall of Honor as an inaugural member. MARITIME PATROL ASSOCIATION: About Us

    Keep in touch. "Mr. Bill"
     
  12. Lucky13

    Lucky13 Forum Mascot

    Joined:
    Aug 21, 2006
    Messages:
    36,727
    Likes Received:
    1,064
    Trophy Points:
    113
    Occupation:
    Nightshift picker
    Location:
    A Swede living in Glasgow, Scotland
    Home Page:
    Hi there!

    Been trying to find your email...
    Need a new computer as the one I've got is steampowered and I haven't used it for months.
    I received your DVD and have watched it several times, need to find that as well!
    I'm sure that it would help get things going again...
    I'm not sure about any BuNos though...

    Welcome to the family/forum!

    [​IMG]
     
Loading...

Share This Page